The aim of the Workshop on Automation and Robotics is to create a workspace in which students, academics, professionals, and researchers can disclose the state of the art in the disciplines of Automation and Robotics. This discipline, preceded by the great and accelerated advances in microelectronics and informatics, has achieved important developments, going beyond its classical areas of application (originally in the industrial field), having now applications in the fields of science, industry, education, and services.
Ricardo Pérez (firstname.lastname@example.org), Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile.
Talk #1: “Design of solutions based on Computational Vision: selecting the correct wavelength, lenses, filters and lighting” by M.Sc. Patricio Castillo
Image processing applications have become tools with high added value in various areas and it is becoming easier to develop a computer vision system. In order to reach the expected results, it is not enough to have sufficient software and processing power, but it is fundamental to approach the design of the system considering all the elements that are present so that it is possible to obtain the necessary information. In this presentation, general concepts of optics will be reviewed to understand the effect they produce in each stage of image acquisition and how important it is to determine these parameters. The selection of the sensor wavelength, the geometric characteristics of the lens, optical filters and the correct lighting format can determine the feasibility of a project. We will see practical applications for a better understanding.
Patricio Castillo is an Electronic Civil Engineer with a major in Digital Systems and Master’s in Electronics, Federico Santa María Technical University, Valparaíso, Chile. He has more than ten years of experience in the development of embedded systems for communications, control and instrumentation. He has specialized in applications with Xilinx FPGA, National Instruments equipment, microcontrollers, digital communications, visual cameras, infrared Basler and Xenics thermal and short-wave cameras. He also has participated in research and development projects in academic, industrial and defense fields. He highlighted his leadership in innovation projects and links with the environment during his stay at the Federico Santa María Technical University. He has ISI publications in international journals and symposia, as well as other technical publications in local and international media. He is a member of the Innovation and Robotics Center and a member of the IEEE R-9 Computational Intelligence Society. He is currently working on R&D projects mainly for the large mining and manufacturing industries, specializing in machine vision applications.
Talk #2: “Lessons learned about teaching programming and robotics to children and adolescents – Case of Universidad de Medellín (Colombia)” by Dr. Bell Manrique
The accelerated evolution of technology in the world today has generated great demand for professionals specialized in computer science, and particularly in programming and robotics. This implies that basic and secondary education include in the curricula and classroom plans activities for children to venture into the area in a practical, simple and contextualized manner. This is how they can prepare themselves to be digital citizens and at the same time meet the demands of society. This need is known by the educational institutions of the city of Medellin (Colombia), which are advancing a project whose objective is to design and evaluate a strategy of didactic-curricular intervention for training in robotics and programming from pre-garden to eleventh grade of secondary education . The first objective in the initiative is to carry out an exploration of the successful teaching strategies in the aforementioned area. Next, the results of this task are presented, during which it was possible to show that the teaching-learning process of robotics and programming still has aspects to improve in terms of content, infrastructure, teaching, teacher training and support tools . Some approaches are complicated and not very fun for the target audience. There are some practices that are being carried out in other countries and even schools in Medellín and Colombia and it is worth repeating them to generate motivation in the students. This talk gives an account of the tracking findings of these experiences.
Bell Manrique-Losada is Systems Engineer from Universidad Distrital FJC –Colombia, Master in Systems Engineering and Doctor in Engineering (Computer Sciences) of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia -Medellín. His current position is Associate Professor and Researcher in the Systems Engineering Department, at the Faculty of Engineering, at Universidad de Medellín -Colombia. Her research areas include: Software Engineering, Requirements Engineering, Natural Language Processing, Text Analytics, Analysis and Design of software systems, and Engineering Education.
Talk #3: “Herramientas sofisticadas de manipulación robótica para el aprendizaje” by M.Sc. Carolina Silva Plata
Actualmente, nos encontramos frente a un crecimiento y presencia exponencial de uso de tecnología educativa. Herramientas como placas de desarrollo y máquinas para fabricación digital impulsan a los entusiastas a generar productos tecnológicos cubriendo una amplia gama de aplicaciones de necesidad o entretenimiento. Por otro lado, se encuentran emprendimientos a lo largo del mundo que se enfocan en proveer nuevas herramientas industriales de menor costo o especializados y educativos con un grado elevado de sofisticación. Entre ellas se encuentra un brazo robótico educativo con carácter semi industrial que posee diversas capacidades de uso, siendo parte de la Industria 4.0. La estructura que posee genera la posibilidad de adaptación de diversas pinzas u otras herramientas para generar secuencias y procesos industriales a menor escala. Esta charla se concentrará en comentar el impacto que traerá consigo el uso de estas herramientas en la educación actual.
Ingeniera en Mecatrónica de la Universidad Católica de Bolivia, Máster en Ingeniería Informática de la Universidad Católica del Norte y actualmente estudiante de Doctorado en Ingeniería Mecánica en la Universidad de Chile. Las líneas de investigación de interés se concentran en la manipulación de objetos y diseño y fabricación de robots basados en el enfoque de robótica blanda. Creadora de contenidos de Electrónica Así, autora de un libro educativo de Arduino y socia activa de NiñasPro.
Tutorial: “Artificial Vision Applications with LabVIEW” by M.Sc. Camilo Chamorro
The aim of the tutorial is to work out some ways to automate artificial vision problems, using a rapid testing program such as LabVIEW software with its vision modules. We will work on applications that include segmentation, detection, location and image recognition.
Camilo Chamorro is an Instrumentation and Control Engineer, and a professor at the Colombian Polytechnic Jaime Isaza Cadavid, Master in Automation, and PhD candidate in Electronics and Computing from the University of Antioquía in Colombia.